FreeNAS Corral 10.x setup

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Before we start

  • We used a virtualized setup in order to create this walkthrough, using generic domain & computer names where possible.
  • We used the private IP address range of 192.168.15.x - obviously you'll want to replace our internal IP addresses with your own
    • We used a single Active Directory domain controller, to keep things simple. We then configured the following network settings, which is reflected throughout this document:
      • Gateway:
      • DNS:
      • NTP:
      • DC (Domain Controller):
      • FreeNAS Corral:
  • Where appropriate, we'll make a note of where additional server IP's can be entered, for redundancy
  • Generic Password: HorseBattery@2017

Getting started with FreeNAS

Initial connection

  • When FreeNAS Corral 10.0 is first installed, the network adapter is set to DHCP - we will change this a few steps down. We will be configuring FreeNAS purely from the webUI, so make a note of the IP on the FreeNAS server console:

FreeNAS Corral 10.0 DHCP on first boot.png

  • Use your favorite web browser to connect to that address - The FreeNAS webUI will prompt you for a password, for the default user root using the password you set during the installation routine.
  • To change from a dynamic IP to a static IP, after you log in, on the left menu click on Network -> Interfaces -> "Interface name" (dhcp)

FreeNAS Corral 10.0 Change Interface DHCP Setting.png

  • On the next screen, uncheck DHCP, and then:
    • Click on Add address
    • FreeNAS Corral 10.0 Add address.png
    • Click the IPv4 radio button, and add under Address, and under Subnet mask / Prefix length and click Done, then click Save at the bottom of the page, and then click Save again.
    • FreeNAS Corral 10.0 Enter IPv4 address and subnet mask.png
    • Then click on Settings under Interfaces, and change the following:
      • Hostname:
      • HTTP Proxy: leave blank
      • DHCP Settings
        • Assign Gateway: uncheck
        • Assign DNS: uncheck
      • Gateway Settings
        • IPv4:
        • IPv6: leave blank unless you're actively using IPv6 in your environment
      • DNS Settings
        • IP Addresses -> Add DNS Address:
        • Search Domains -> Add Search Domain:
      • Click Save

Configuring Time Server

  • On the left menu, click System -> Language & Region
    • Change the timezone to the timezone you FreeNAS server resides in (I used Pacific/Honolulu for this demo)
  • Then, again from the left menu, click System -> NTP -> NTP Servers Corral-plus-symbol.png -> Add an NTP Server
    • Address:
    • Initial Burst: checked
    • Preferred: checked - only if you're leaving the default NTP servers in place, otherwise leave unchecked
    • FreeNAS Corral 10.0 NTP Servers.png When everything is done it should look like this (click image to zoom)
    • Click Save, then click on Dashboard to verify proper System Time

Connecting to Active Directory (finally!)

  • From the left menu, click on Accounts -> Directory Services
    • NTP Servers: Select from the drop down menu and then click Synchronize with NTP server (just to be safe).
      • Then click on Active Directory and fill in the required information:
        • Name: active directory testing (or whatever you want)
        • Domain Name (DNS/Realm-Name): MAI-DEV.NET
        • Domain Account Name: freenasadmin
        • Domain Account Password: HorseBattery@2017
        • Enabled: checked
        • Verify everything: FreeNAS Corral 10.0 Active Directory setup.png (click image to zoom)
        • Click on Save
          • If it worked, there should be a green "dot" next to the Active Directory box: FreeNAS Corral 10.0 Active Directory green.png
        • You should be able to see users in Active Directory at this point by clicking on Accounts -> Users: FreeNAS Corral 10.0 Active Directory users.png (click image to zoom)

Creating a Storage Pool

  • This is beyond the scope of this walkthrough, however:
  • The official FreeNAS wiki is an excellent resource on creating your storage pool.
  • We also suggest giving cyberjocks excellent PowerPoint presentation explaining what VDev zpool, ZIL and L2ARC is.
    • After your pool is created, we suggest creating a dataset specifically for CIFS sharing.
    • Again, the official FreeNAS wiki is a good source of info on how to do this

Prepping SMB (CIFS) File Sharing

  • From the left menu, click on Services -> Sharing -> SMB
    • Enabled: checked
    • NetBIOS Name: FreeNAS
    • Workgroup: MAI-DEV (this should match your domain name, only without the .com .net etc etc...)
    • Description: FreeNAS Plexmedia Server
    • Server minimum protocol: SMB2 (unless you're using clients older than Windows Vista)
    • Everything else, leave at the default settings
    • Click Save